Is there a Difference Between Ubuntu and its Derivatives?

When you look on the Ubuntu/Linux website, you’ll find multiple versions of the same operating system. Why? Because this is an open source platform, which means anyone with coding abilities can come and create a different version of the OS and make it available to PC users for free.

Having many options can be a good or bad thing. For one, it gives you the choice to pick the one that works best for you. How many people who use Windows or Mac can agree that a one-size-fits-all approach to operating systems isn’t the best?

As a Ubuntu user, you can access and try different versions until you find the one suitable for you and your needs. But having a lot of options can also be overwhelming and time consuming to test out. So here is a closer look into the various varieties, so you can make a more informed decision.

Ubuntu

The underlying platform for Ubuntu is still GNOME. However, rather than using the GNOME Shell interface, a Unity shell is used instead. You can easily go to the Ubuntu desktop to convert it to the typical Ubuntu. This works on any version of Ubuntu you decide to use.

Then here comes…

Kubuntu

It was named afters its predecessor and for good reason. It has a very similar feel. However, the key difference between the two is that Kubuntu has KDE for its desktop envrionment, rather than GNOME used by Ubuntu.

This operating system is also receives sponsorshop from Blue Systems. It used to be backed by Canonical, but funds ceased back in 2012. However, it’s still recognized as a legit version of Ubuntu.

Xubuntu

You can look at this version as the lighter weight option of Ubuntu. It is very well optimized and can be used on older model computers. The desktop environment is quick because it uses Xfce only. Other versions sometimes use both GNOME and KDE. So the interface of Xubuntu is slimmer.

This operating system is driven by the community and has a Strategy Document it operates under. It too is recognized by Canonical as a legit spin-off of Ubuntu.

Mythbuntu

This is known as the counterpart of Xubunutu. Except, this one is created to be a powerhouse used for entertainment purposes. There was a lot of attention given to the Media Center. It comes with various drivers and setups that can be used for TV Out cards, TV tuners and even MythTV. It comes with the desktop environment, so it’s ready for use right away.

Edubuntu

With this operating system, the focus was on education. It has extra apps you can use for school. It is even stylized in a way that is attractive to children.

Ubuntu Studio

Those who are into the arts, such as video, graphics, audio and design, will appreciate this version of Ubuntu. If you use such software daily, then this is the operating system recommended to you. It comes with bundles of codecs, apps and drivers that will make these activities seamless.

You can find computers with Linux and Ubuntu already installed. However, if you want to buy the system Ubuntu created, then be prepared to spend a pretty penny. You can save money by shopping for deals on Groupon for everything from electronics to clothes from brands like Best Buy and Aeropostale.

Linux Hosting After Evaluating Your Needs

Truly speaking, there are thousands of companies in operation as far as website hosting in India is concerned. The majority of these companies provide Windows hosting as well as Linux hosting plans. Windows plans are normally priced more due to the license expenses enforced by Microsoft. So, the question remains: how can you determine which one is more suitable for you – Windows or Linux? Read this article to make your task easier.

“Windows or linux ?”

Windows operating systems are widely used in approximately 95 percent of all personal computers in the world. Therefore, they are the most preferred option among all those novices who are looking for cheap web space for their websites. However, in the world of web servers, Windows is lagging behind.

People usually opt for a Windows hosting plan when they have their websites developed using Microsoft .NET technologies that are unavailable on Linux platforms. As a matter of fact, if you require ASP with no .NET features, nearly all Linux plans do not extend support for it. Similarly, Access databases are exclusively obtainable with a Windows plan. They are unable to run on a Linux OS. If you require an enterprise class database, there are several options that are compatible with a Linux platform. However, if you have the requirement for Microsoft’s MSSQL database, a Windows plan must be your ultimate choice.

On the other hand, if you want to operate an enterprise class website, Linux based systems are the most suitable ones since they offer all the important services to run such a site for free. Several websites with voluminous traffic on the internet boast superior quality infrastructure provided by Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP or simply LAMP. PHP performs more effectively on a Linux sever in comparison to a Windows server. Nevertheless, unless your PHP scripts experience a heavy load, you cannot notice the difference.

In most cases, Linux hosting plans are a minimum of 20 percent cheaper than Windows plans. If you don’t require any of the aforesaid Windows attributes, Linux is a perfect choice for your web hosting in India. There are also reseller hosting plans available for both the platforms.

In case of Microsoft based technologies, Windows plans are normally your finest bet. For all other technologies, Linux plans will mostly perform very well. Due to the cost benefits generally associated with Linux, such hosting is the apt option for you. Hence, weigh your requirements carefully and choose the right platform.

A Comparison Between Windows Hosting

Linux and Windows are two different operating systems and hosting servers and, technically, there is not that much difference between the two in terms of their performance, considering that they each use different software and technologies. As such, it would be difficult to do a head-to-head comparison of the two. Even so, there are still some obvious differences that you should know about, so that you are able to find the best web host solution for your business.

One thing you should note between Windows and Linux is that Windows is mostly used for websites that use certain applications such as MS Access, Expression Web, MSSQL, Plesk, ASP.NET, FrontPage, Windows Streaming Media and any other Microsoft related technologies. Therefore, if these terms all sound strange to you, opt for Linux hosting instead because this server is more suited for individual who are not tech savvy. The simplicity and general adaptability of Linux are some of the reasons that many web site owners, including tech savvy ones, opt for Linux instead of Windows.

There isn’t that much of a gap when it comes to the cost, especially if you opt for a dedicated server hosting plan. This is because they tend to use the same type of hardware, so the price will range in the same bracket. When it comes to a shared hosting plan however, the Windows server is usually expensive than its Linux counterpart. The reason for this is because Windows OS is developed and owned by Microsoft while Linux is a free OS. Further, Windows tend to use more resources justifying the higher cost of hosting.

A major advantage of a Linux web host is that even when you move from one web host service provider to another, it will be easier for you to pay attention to the quality of the service you are being offered instead of focusing on the specifics of whether or not that web host service provider can furnish the technological hardware required to host your site and the applications it runs. Indeed, Linux servers are common and provided by most web hosting companies.

For example, let’s say you are hosting your website on the Linux Server with web host service provider A, but you don’t really like the quality of the service that you are receiving. You therefore decide to search and seek for a better service provider B.

Your major concern at this point will be to find a hosting provider that will be able to provide you with fast loading speeds for your website, unlimited bandwidth, maximum up-time, an efficient control panel, and an affordable price. There are multiple web hosts who can do this for you. Now, if you were to switch service providers on a Windows Server, apart from the usual loading speeds, price, bandwidth, control panel, and other features that the new company will provide, you will also have to ensure that the new company supports a Windows-specific website that can only be hosted by a Windows OS, due to the specific Windows applications it runs.

Consequently, if you’re looking to build and host a traditional website, you should opt for the Linux OS. If the website you plan on building will specifically require Windows based applications, then a Windows OS and server is mandatory.

Windows Hosting versus Linux Hosting

There are literally hundreds of thousands of web hosting companies out there. Many of these companies offer both Windows hosting and Linux hosting plans. Windows plans usually cost more because of the license costs imposed by Microsoft. Knowing this, how can you know when you need Windows hosting and when Linux hosting will work just as well or better? Keep reading to find out.

Windows operating systems are found on something like 95% of all personal computers in the world. With such a total dominance, Microsoft Windows is top of mind to most new people looking for web hosting.

In the web server world though, Windows based servers are behind less than 20% of all websites on the internet. This is according to the latest web server survey from securityspace.com. By choosing a Linux hosting plan, you will find yourself in good company.

When do you have to use Windows Hosting?

1. .NET technologies including ASP.net are not available on Linux platforms. If you have a website built with Microsoft .NET technologies you will have to choose a Windows hosting plan. In fact, if you need ASP without .NET features, most Linux hosting plans do not offer support for it.

2. Access Databases are only available with a Windows hosting plan. Access runs on a Microsoft Windows platform and cannot run on a Linux Operating system.

3. MSSQL is an enterprise class database put out by Microsoft. If you need an enterprise class database there are some alternatives that run on a Linux platform but if you need Microsoft’s MSSQL database, a Windows hosting plan will have to be your choice.

4. If you are using Microsoft’s Sharepoint services like some of the Sharepoint features found in Frontpage 2003, a Windows Hosting plan is your only choice.

What is the advantage to choosing Linux Hosting?

All the major services you need to run an enterprise class website are available on Linux based systems for free. Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP are being used together to provide the infrastructure behind some of the most traffic intensive sites on the internet.

PHP runs better on a Linux server than on a Windows server. Having said that, unless you are putting a heavy load on your PHP scripts, this will not be noticeable.

In general, Linux hosting plans are at least 20% cheaper than Windows hosting plans. If you don’t need any of the features mentioned above, Linux hosting is a fine choice for your needs.

For Microsoft specific technologies, Windows hosting plans are usually your best bet. For everything else, Linux hosting plans will usually do quite well. With the cost savings usually found with Linux hosting plans, Linux hosting is usually the right choice for you.

What Are the Differences Between Linux Hosting

When you finally come to the decision to create a website of your own or for your business, you will face the need to determine whether your website is going to be hosted on a Windows server or a Linux server. While you can always outsource the tasks to or consult web development experts, you can start by learning these basics this article is addressing.

Fundamentally, Windows hosting and Linux hosting differs from each other in that:

1. Windows hosting charges more than Linux hosting on a very obvious level simply because Microsoft doesn’t release the series of Windows Server operating systems free. It’s much more pricey than Linux distributions.

2. While you can use some not-so-exclusive Linux web technologies on Windows servers such as Apache, PHP and MySQL, it’s nearly impossible to run an efficient IIS web server on Linux servers. Let alone the entire architecture of Windows.NET technologies.

3. Apache, PHP and MySQL are better tuned to Linux systems while MSSQL, ASP and ASPX (.NET) are better tuned to Windows systems. So if your website relies on PHP and MySQL to serve and perform, use Linux. Otherwise if your website is built on Microsoft.NET technologies, use Windows hosting instead.

4. Windows system hosting have bigger server overhead thus consume more server resources than Linux platforms do with the same application and traffic demand. But it will not be so when it scales up. Therefore, hosting small websites that are not so popular on Windows may not be quite cost-effective.

5. Windows operating systems are much more easier to use than Linux systems. Linux does have desktop applications but most users are more accustomed to Windows UI.

6. On Windows platforms, it’s much easier to integrate your website to any of Microsoft’s other product lines such as the Office Suite. You can easily integrate Office documents such as .doc and .xls and even your entire officing logic into the website, seamlessly streamlining the work flow. On Linux, it’s not so easy.

7. Windows platform can host not only custom created and maintained websites / web applications, but it can also host Microsoft released web products such as the Exchange Server. However, on Linux, this is impossible.

Technically, there are lot more differences between Windows hosting and Linux hosting but these are the most prominent.

Linux Vs Windows Web Hosting

One of the most difficult decisions any new comer will need to make is which web hosting platform would he or she wants their server to be on. Two of the most popular choices are Linux and Windows web servers. Before we can tell which web server is more appropriate for our website, it is worth-while to research some of the key functionalities, advantages and weaknesses of these 2 types of web hosting platforms in advance to facilitate the necessary selections.

• Cost – as Microsoft owned the Windows operating system, it is much more expensive to setup up and run a Windows server as compared to Linux, which is an open source operating system which is free of charge, available to anyone.

• FTP commands and control panel – Both Linux and Windows servers support these well, however some of the FTP commands are slightly different between 2 operating systems because some of the FTP programs are designed with one or another in mind. That’s the reason why occasionally you will get error messages running some of the FTP commands on your server.

• Support – compared to Windows, Linux has limited support for some of their technology which proved to be expensive and limited at times. Linux is running on much specific technologies as compared to Windows which is much more generic.

• Security and reliability – As Windows is widely used for home PC, there is a tendency that the security features incorporated for this operating system is not as high technology as those for Linux, which are mostly used by developers and system engineers only. The probability of successful hack attack on Windows OS is a lot higher than Linux OS may also be contributed to their end users as people tend to look for flaws in these common systems.

• Performance – Linux has been reported to be of high performance mainly due to the way Linux servers are packaged. Linux plans are more specifically designed for their target customers. On the other hand, Windows usually offer an ” all in one ” package to their users as general. Thus, with Windows, the users get most of the features, if not all, from the Windows OS, while for Linux, their customers will only get what they specifically have called out for.

• Conversion – if there are plans for you to change your OS in the near future, then having a Linux web server now is fine as this conversion should be smooth and easy to have your website converted from Linux hosting to Windows hosting. On the contrary, it is indeed a nightmare for anyone who wished to convert their website from Windows hosting to Linux hosting.

• Ease of interaction – if there are any needs for interactions between your website and the visitors or customers, it is more suitable for your website to be with Windows hosting as this OS support online chat services and messaging services much better than Linux hosting.

• Level of expertise – Windows hosting is more user-friendly and it is suitable to be used by anyone, even those with no experience find Windows hosting service easy to learn and manage, while for Linux hosting, it is designed for those with extensive experience and knowledge on web hosting and technical back-ground.

Linux Web Hosting Versus Windows

If you are new to web hosting industry, it can be quite a feat to choose the best solution for you need. There are many aspects you may totally unfamiliar with. For instance, there are different operating platforms, Linux web hosting and Windows web hosting for you to choose. Even though both of them have the similar function which will allows you to put your website online easily, there are also some fundamental differences between them. Thus, before you go on to search for the best web hosting service you could get, you need to know the advantages and disadvantages of each one. Besides, there are completely different requirements between a small blog website and a big enterprise website. Thus, when purchasing for web hosting, you should assess your priorities and needs.

Advantages of Linux Hosting Compared with Windows Hosting

Linux web hosting is much affordable. As we all known that Linux is open source and generally free whereas Windows operating system is developed and owned by Microsoft. This means that you can set up a Linux server totally free while quite expensive to set up and run a Windows server. As the web hosting companies need to pay more to set up a Windows server, they will convert the money to customers. Therefore, if you are short of money and do not have any special requirements for Windows-based programming languages and applications you can easily find a quite affordable and reliable Linux web hosting package.

Advantages of Windows Hosting Compared with Linux Hosting

As mentioned above, if you intend to create your web site with Windows applications, such as ASP, FrontPage, the.NET environment, Windows Streaming Media, Access, MSSQL, or any of the other Microsoft proprietary technologies then a Windows web hosting plan would be absolutely essential since there are very limited support for these technologies in Linux hosting solution. However, before you start making your website with these languages, it is probably worth your considering the fact that if you use these server specific technologies and then changing a web host will be much harder than you use technologies that can be run on any other system.

Which One is Best Fit You

After you have a clear idea about the advantages of each, you should be able to make a wise decision. If you are still feel puzzle about which one is right for you, then I suggest you to go for Linux server. Many newbie webmaster find Linux servers to be the “simpler” operating system and they are more reliable, affordable. Of course, talking with your potential hosting companies about your website requirements will help you solve the problem to some extent.

The Availability of Linux Jobs

In today’s world where so many people are using the internet and companies have networks using Linux systems among others, Linux jobs are readily available. There are lots of things that you can do with Linux and with the result there are various kinds of Linux jobs that you can find and apply for. Many Linux jobs can be found readily on classified and job board websites where you can apply directly for these jobs. Otherwise Linux projects are available through agencies where you can send your details and they will contact you when an opening comes up.

The Linux projects that you can get could be either freelance based or permanent for a company in their IT department. The choice will depend on the salary you expect to earn and the type of working environment you want. If you want to work in development, applications, support or another form of technology, there are plenty of Linux projects that are available.

You just have to know where to look and for the most part, the internet is the best place to find these kinds of Linux jobs. You can also use newspapers where some technology based jobs are advertised, although these will normally be for a large company or corporation where there is an actual department that you will work for and you will have to come into an office each day.

Once you have weighed up the pros and cons of freelancing or working in an office you will be able to find the ideal Linux jobs that will suit you and send in your applications. Many jobs will require that you have some sort of experience working with Linux systems so you should get as much experience as possible and make sure that you have the latest info about the systems so that you can get those Linux projects that you apply for.

Should I Use a Linux Or a Windows Server?

Even some folks who are pretty computer savvy, and can make Microsoft Office jump through hoops, are less knowledgeable when it comes to the operating system (OS) and networking technology that drives the Internet. Most people who do not work in that end of the business need to do a little homework when confronted with the question, Should I use a Linux or Windows server?

There are some arcane hybrids and do-it-yourself OS schemes around, but the OS choice you have at most hosting companies today is between Linux and Windows. Hosting companies don’t always clarify exactly why one might be better than the other for a particular customer or situation, leading some folks to conclude that there is really no difference at all. This is not the case. It does matter what kind of server you use, and there are clear differences between Linux and Windows.

Licensing costs money

All the various flavors of Windows, from the multiple versions of the new Windows 7 to the “enterprise” (server) packages, belong wholly to Microsoft, also known as the “Evil Empire” to the hackers and open source fans that prefer Linux. Linux, being open source, is free. This is the first major difference with important repercussions, since the hosting company’s costs for licensing Windows will be passed on to the customer (that’s you). Free, open source Linux means lower hosting costs all around, if only by a few dollars per month.

Getting a Windows hosting package is going to be a bit more expensive, but not so much more that you should make the difference a deal-breaker. Other factors — the make and model of the servers, company location, package offer details — can affect pricing as much or more, so make sure to get the big picture and don’t bog yourself down in an “OS controversy.” That said, you should know the operational, stylistic and tech-related differences between the two server types in order to make an informed decision.

Slow down and consider

Now, simply because you use a PC with Microsoft (MS) Windows, or even built your own Web site with it, doesn’t mean you have to have a Windows server. You will access your site through such tools as Web-based control panels and FTP (File Transfer Protocol) software, and can do so from a Macintosh running Mac OS X, a PC running Windows 7 or a homemade computer running Mandrake or RedHat (distributions of Linux). Some commands will differ, perhaps, but all the tools do the same thing, in much the same way.

Slow down enough to consider what you actually need to do with your site and what you expect from the server (and hosting firm). E-mail protocols, both IMAP and POP, work fine in both environments, as do PHP, the standardized HTML and XML, JavaScript and “file helpers” like Adobe Flash and Reader. However, Frontpage extensions, ASP, the.Net environment, Access, Windows media and other MS technologies will require a Windows server. For these particular features, Linux support ranges from limited to non-existent, and trying to work around the restrictions will cost you a lot more than paying the difference between the hosting packages.

Security and management

There have been some contentious arguments about the relative stability and security records of Linux and Windows server environments. Some computer professionals are simply knee-jerk anti-MS partisans, and there are also any number of MS fans that are anti-Linux (as well as anti-Mac). The fact that Windows is the most common OS in the world has both advantages and drawbacks. Millions of people are working on making it better, and just as many are trying to shoot it down in flames.

On the other hand, Linux is now most common server OS in use and hackers have had greater than expected success subverting it, too. The fact is that the platform in use is not as important to security as systems administration, attentive technicians and company management. If security is high on your list, you need to examine the company as much or more than the company’s equipment. Don’t take their marketing materials as a promise — do some due diligence here. It matters.

A toss-up?

There is probably little difference in server performance because of the choice of OS. Again, it can come down to how the companies install their software and maintain their hardware — Linux just might be “faster” in some functions than Windows if, in fact, the Windows OS was installed in default mode and not “tweaked.” (This can be true of Linux installs, too, of course.) In the broadest terms, performance is comparable and you can have a fine, effective and efficient hosting experience with either kind of server.

The bottom line is that you should certainly consider the kind of server, particularly if you use MS technologies than need a Windows environment, but your search should be for a good host, not a good server. A company with the best equipment in the world will be no help to you if it is mismanaged, oblivious to security lapses and technologically out of its depth. With a rough equivalence in features, reliability, security and cost, a “winner” is impossible to choose beforehand. You can win — or lose — with any kind of server, so keep looking at the big picture and just make your decision.

Certified by Linux

The world of Information Technology is changing dramatically. Ten years ago, people with a degree from high school and a technical trade school were eligible for what is now one of the hottest and in-demand careers in the country. Today, the competitive field of IT requires certifications, extensive training, and a bare minimum of an associateâEUR(TM)s degree with a preference for a bachelorâEUR(TM)s degree in Information technology. Linux certification is one of those necessary validations of education in the attempt to land a good job in the world of IT.

Linux certification puts the IT professional ahead of the game. With Windows being the dominant system, the vast majority of IT professionals have maintained a steady focus on Windows oriented certifications. However, the Linux system is slowly increasing in popularity, which means that there will soon be a demand for Linux certified professionals and not enough IT professionals who can make the grade. Windows was designed to allow just about anyone to use the computer and to get from point A to point B without a lot of processing. Its user friendly capabilities have made Windows the primary system for most home users.

The capabilities of the Linux systems are more complex, but can do more without mass confusion, making it increasingly popular among those who wish to set up systems with phenomenal professional or personal capabilities. Those with Linux certifications will be the ones who are called as many professional settings are transitioning to include both systems.

Linux certification makes the IT professional much more versatile. While a great many potential employers may not recognize what a Linux certification really is, they will recognize the versatility that comes with it. Employers who are seeking IT support do not always understand everything they want their IT professional to do. In some rare but drastic cases, a personable individual with a long list of certifications is the one who lands the job simply because they look more professional and capable on paper and they seem to have a personality that others can get along with.

While some companies put a little more into their hiring process, without an Information Technology specialist on hand to explain everything, many companies feel as though they are shooting in the dark hoping to come up with a serious job candidate.

Linux and Unix are nearly the same animal, but are two different flavors in a very potent Information rich Technology world. For those who are looking to master all the animals, Linux can broaden the experiences understood by developing their Unix skills.

For the sake of the IT professional, Linux presents a different type of challenge, one that can help the IT graduate push forward and grasp entirely new concepts that arenâEUR(TM)t present in Windows programs or certifications. Some IT professionals just enjoy the Linux system and feel that the certification is worth its salt for the experience of delving into Linux systems. Linux is more challenging, and being able to complete the challenge is more than enough for some newer IT professionals.

For those trying to break into the business, Linux is a must. Newbies will be competing with professionals with less education but more experience. Having a Linux certification is an excellent step to presenting to potential employers with a competitive edge. Given the experience that many of the IT professionals have been able to retain over the last ten years, breaking into the IT world is not easy. Every little edge that can overshadow long term experience is going to place a huge point in the newbieâEUR(TM)s corner.